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The Grammar of Names in Anglo-Saxon EnglandThe Linguistics and Culture of the Old English Onomasticon$
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Fran Colman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198701675

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701675.001.0001

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General lexical formation

General lexical formation

Chapter:
(p.151) 6 General lexical formation
Source:
The Grammar of Names in Anglo-Saxon England
Author(s):

Fran Colman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701675.003.0006

Chapter 6 analyses types of common-word lexical-item formation, as the basis for comparison, in Chapter 7, with structures of activated Old English personal names. Common-word structures are compound (two or more bases), morphologically complex (a base plus derivational affix), and morphologically simplex (a single base, a simple stem). A word-and-paradigm model identifies the categories expressed by inflectional versus derivational morphology, distinguishing these categories from the means of expression, or exponents, of these categories. Lexical-item structures, New and Old English, correlate with particular phonological realizations, suprasegmental and segmental. A theory of Old English lexical-item stress assignment informs analyses of Old English data. Lexical-item structures change over time, with concomitant change, typically reduction, in phonological structure, typically attributed to lexical-semantic loss (often referred to as ‘semantic obscuration’). A common-word compound may reduce to a derivationally complex structure, or to a simplex one. Such change affects the nature of the contents of a common-word lexicon.

Keywords:   compound, language variation, morphology, segmental phonology, stress assignment, suprasegmental phonology, word-and-paradigm

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