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Participles in Rigvedic SanskritThe Syntax and Semantics of Adjectival Verb Forms$
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John J. Lowe

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198701361

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701361.001.0001

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The category of participles

The category of participles

(p.226) 6 The category of participles
Participles in Rigvedic Sanskrit

John J. Lowe

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a detailed analysis of the category of tense-aspect stem participles in the Ṛgveda, and argues for many innovative analyses of morphologically or functionally problematic forms. The categories of stative participles and aorist participles are treated in particular detail. It is argued that the category of stative participles is larger than previously assumed, while the category of aorist participles is smaller. An analysis of various nonce-formations is provided, and the lexicalization of participles as synchronic nouns or adjectives is treated in detail. The constraints on compounding and secondary derivation with participles are explained. Finally, it is argued that several apparent participles have been misanalysed in previous literature and are not, in fact, participles, either synchronically or diachronically.

Keywords:   stative participle, aorist participle, nonce-formation, lexicalization, compounding, secondary derivation

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