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The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working
Memory$
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Naoyuki Osaka, Robert H. Logie, and Mark D'Esposito

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780198570394

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.001.0001

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The time-based resource-sharing model of working memory

The time-based resource-sharing model of working memory

Chapter:
(p.59) 4 The time-based resource-sharing model of working memory
Source:
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory
Author(s):

Pierre Barrouillet

Valérie Camos

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0004

This chapter develops an interpretation of the working memory span task as reflecting the rapid switching of a single, limited capacity attentional resource between the processing element and rehearsal of the items for recall. It argues that memory trace is subject to decay over time and demonstrates that when attention is captured by demanding processing tasks that prevent time for rehearsal, the result is poorer memory performance. This view then is of a system in which capacity is limited by time and by attention.

Keywords:   attention, memory performance, working memory, memory trace, memory decay

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