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The Structure and Properties of Water$
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D Eisenberg and W Kauzmann

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198570264

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570264.001.0001

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The Water Molecule

The Water Molecule

Chapter:
(p.1) 1. The Water Molecule
Source:
The Structure and Properties of Water
Author(s):

D. Eisenberg

W. Kauzmann

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570264.003.0001

This chapter presents descriptions of an isolated water molecule based on experiment and theory. The description based on experiment involves measurements made on water vapour at sufficiently low pressures or high temperatures to ensure that interactions between molecules are largely absent. The description based on theory provides details such as the shape of the electronic charge cloud of water, and an indication of which parts of the charge contribute most heavily to the total polarity of the molecule. The separation of these interdependent descriptions is artificial, but it serves to emphasize which portion of our understanding of water is based on observation, and which is based on reasonably accurate models of the molecule.

Keywords:   water molecule, experiment, theory, models observation, water vapour, cloud

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