Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Emotion Explained$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Edmund T. Rolls

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198570035

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 January 2020

The brain mechanisms underlying emotion

The brain mechanisms underlying emotion

(p.63) Chapter 4 The brain mechanisms underlying emotion
Emotion Explained

Edmund T. Rolls

Oxford University Press

Brain organization for emotion — how emotional states are implemented in our brains, and the function of different brain regions in emotion — is one of the topics of this chapter. This chapter describes neural representation of primary reinforcers (taste, pleasant touch, pain). Other stimuli are analysed to the object level before their emotional significance is assessed by stimulus-reinforcement learning; this is because it is generally a property of objects (including people) that they are associated with reward or punishment, not of edges in a scene, tones, etc. The chapter also describes learning about what is rewarding or punishing, stimulus-reinforcement association learning; and amygdala, orbitofrontal cortex, and cingulate cortex. The subgenual cingulate cortex and depression are covered. Output pathways for emotional responses to basal ganglia, including ventral striatum for learned reinforcers are also explained. The chapter also mentions the basal forebrain and hypothalamus, cholinergic pathways, and Alzheimer's disease. The effects of emotion on cognitive processing and backprojections to the cerebral cortex are also topics in this chapter.

Keywords:   brain mechanisms, orbitofrontal cortex, amygdala, cingulate cortex, emotional learning, reinforcers, depression

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .