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Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmicean integrated approach$
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Ken A. Otter

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780198569992

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569992.001.0001

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Habitat quality and reproductive behavior in chickadees and tits: Potential for habitat matrix use in forest generalists

Habitat quality and reproductive behavior in chickadees and tits: Potential for habitat matrix use in forest generalists

Chapter:
(p.277) CHAPTER 17 Habitat quality and reproductive behavior in chickadees and tits: Potential for habitat matrix use in forest generalists
Source:
Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmice
Author(s):

Ken A. Otter

Harry van Oort

Kevin T. Fort

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569992.003.0020

Habitat destruction and fragmentation poses one of the most serious threats to biodiversity in conservation biology. What distinguishes habitat fragments is that the intervening gaps are often vegetated, rather than open expanses of ocean. This intervening habitat, referred to as ‘the matrix’, differs in species composition or age and/or structure of the vegetation so as to be sufficiently distinct from the remnant habitat islands they surround. Matrix habitat is considered less hospitable for remnant-dwelling species, yet terrestrial matrices may not be quite as impermeable as open oceans. This chapter addresses the potential for breeding in altered habitats, such as those found in managed habitat matrices that separate remnant, native forest. Using studies on both Eurasian tits and North American chickadees, analyses investigating breeding in forests of divergent habitat quality are paralleled with proposed management of matrix vegetation as alternative breeding habitat for matrix-tolerating species.

Keywords:   reproductive behaviour, chickadees, titmice, breeding, habitat fragmentation, Paridae, reproductive success, habitat quality

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