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SelectionThe Mechanism of Evolution$
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Graham Bell

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780198569725

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.001.0001

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Co-evolution

Co-evolution

Chapter:
(p.380) CHAPTER 11 Co-evolution
Source:
Selection
Author(s):

Graham Bell

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0011

Members of a different species may be enemies, such as predators and parasites, or friends, such as mutualists. The linked evolutionary dynamics of strongly interacting species can be complex, and are important in understanding the evolution of disease. This chapter's first section is called Rivals and talks about the social environment; mutual modification; and social coevolution. The second section, Partners, describes the Transmission Hypothesis. It also gives a novel protist-bacterium partnership and talks about experimental evolution of cooperation in a bacterium-phage system; coevolution of bacteria; plasmids; quora and consortia; and finally offers a symbiosis. The third section called Enemies details serial passage; genetic specificity; anisomorphic social matrices; the cost of virulence and resistance; evolution of virulence; epidemics; and talks about arms cycles and arms races; phage wars; and finally perpetual evolution. The final section in this chapter is about ecosystems and talks about uqba; the evolution of trophic structure through sorting; evolutionarily Stable Webs; evolved webs; the innate immune system; the acquired immune system; selection at the ecosystem level; and finally evolution and whole-system properties.

Keywords:   cooperation, quorum, consortium, phage, serial passage, virulence, resistance, disease evolution, predator, prey

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