Members of a different species may be enemies, such as predators and parasites, or friends, such as mutualists. The linked evolutionary dynamics of strongly interacting species can be complex, and are important in understanding the evolution of disease. This chapter's first section is called Rivals and talks about the social environment; mutual modification; and social coevolution. The second section, Partners, describes the Transmission Hypothesis. It also gives a novel protist-bacterium partnership and talks about experimental evolution of cooperation in a bacterium-phage system; coevolution of bacteria; plasmids; quora and consortia; and finally offers a symbiosis. The third section called Enemies details serial passage; genetic specificity; anisomorphic social matrices; the cost of virulence and resistance; evolution of virulence; epidemics; and talks about arms cycles and arms races; phage wars; and finally perpetual evolution. The final section in this chapter is about ecosystems and talks about uqba; the evolution of trophic structure through sorting; evolutionarily Stable Webs; evolved webs; the innate immune system; the acquired immune system; selection at the ecosystem level; and finally evolution and whole-system properties.
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.