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Coherent X-Ray Optics$
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David Paganin

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198567288

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.001.0001

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X-ray sources, optical elements, and detectors

X-ray sources, optical elements, and detectors

Chapter:
(p.136) 3 X-ray sources, optical elements, and detectors
Source:
Coherent X-Ray Optics
Author(s):

David M. Paganin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.003.0003

This chapter sequentially considers the three features present in almost all experiments in coherent X-ray optics: X-ray sources, X-ray optical elements, and X-ray detectors. Regarding sources, the concepts of brightness and emittance are introduced, followed by a discussion of fixed-anode sources, rotating-anode sources, synchrotron sources, free-electron lasers, energy-recovering linear accelerators, and soft X-ray lasers. Several key X-ray optical elements are then discussed including diffraction gratings, Fresnel zone plates, analyzer crystals, crystal monochromators, crystal beam-splitters, crystal interferometers, Bragg-Fresnel optics, capillary optics, square-channel arrays, X-ray mirrors, prisms, compound refractive lenses, and virtual optics. Finally, several common forms of detector are considered, classified according to whether they are counting detector or integrating detectors. The chapter closes with a brief discussion of the relation between detectors and coherence.

Keywords:   brightness, emittance, synchrotron, analyzer crystals, monochromators, compound refractive lenses, virtual optics

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