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Disease EcologyCommunity structure and pathogen dynamics$
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Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198567080

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.001.0001

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Spatial-temporal dynamics of rabies in ecological communities

Spatial-temporal dynamics of rabies in ecological communities

Chapter:
(p.168) chapter 12 Spatial-temporal dynamics of rabies in ecological communities
Source:
Disease Ecology
Author(s):

Leslie A. Real

James E. Childs

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0012

As new species invade novel geographic regions, they have the propensity to reorganize multi-species community interactions. The expansion of the rabies virus in Europe and across the eastern United States provides a model system for comparing the linkage between community dynamics and the spatio-temporal dynamics of an invading parasite and its hosts. The European rabies epizootic has been largely restricted to a single terrestrial carnivore host — the red fox — while the US rabies epizootic has involved multiple terrestrial carnivore hosts including raccoons, foxes, skunks, coyotes, and domestic animals. This chapter reviews mathematical models that predict the spatio-temporal patterns of rabies occurring in different reservoir hosts, and explores the implications of the geographic range expansion of the rabies virus within a specific host — the raccoon — on host-shift and spill-over dynamics among alternate hosts.

Keywords:   spatial models, red fox, raccoon, parasite, invasion, virus, carnivore, host, community, host shift

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