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Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age$
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John Duncan, Louise Phillips, and Peter McLeod

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198566427

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.001.0001

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The own-age effect in face recognition

The own-age effect in face recognition

(p.317) Chapter 13 The own-age effect in face recognition
Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Timothy J. Perfect

Helen C. Moon

Oxford University Press

Previous research on face recognition has shown an own-age effect, such that older adults are more adept at recognizing faces of their own age than younger faces, with the reverse (or a null effect) for younger adults. This own-age effect is reminiscent of the well-established own-race effect; people are better at recognizing faces of their own race compared to other races. This latter effect has been attributed to differences in familiarity-based expertise leading to greater use of holistic processing for own-race faces. Overall, there was no effect of age on recognition, but there was a robust age x face-age interaction, such that older adults were superior at recognizing older faces, and younger adults superior at recognizing younger faces. There was an interaction with inversion, but this acted so as to magnify the age x face-age interaction.

Keywords:   face recognition, own-age effect, own-race effect, holistic processing, face inversion

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