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The Orbitofrontal Cortex$
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David Zald and Scott Rauch

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198565741

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.001.0001

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The role of lateral orbitofrontal cortex in the inhibitory control of emotion

The role of lateral orbitofrontal cortex in the inhibitory control of emotion

(p.307) Chapter 12 The role of lateral orbitofrontal cortex in the inhibitory control of emotion
The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Christine I. Hooker

Robert T. Knight

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews neuropsychological, psychophysiological, and neuroimaging evidence that the lateral orbitofrontal cortex and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex regulates behavior by inhibiting the influence of a broad scope of sensations, feelings, thoughts, and actions. It is argued that the region facilitates successful goal-oriented behavior by inhibiting the influence of emotional feelings or perceptions. Such inhibitory processes are described in the context of physical sensation, including painful sensation, selective attention, emotion regulation, control of mood congruent biases, attitude regulation, memory, decision-making, and regulation in social interactions. This research is consistent with evidence showing that the lateral orbital/ventrolateral prefrontal governs the inhibition of habitual motor responses. The data are discussed with regard to dynamic filtering and disruption theory models of prefrontal functioning.

Keywords:   inhibition, inferior frontal gyrus, ventrolateral prefrontal, regulation, emotion, dynamic filtering, pain, sensation

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