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The Orbitofrontal Cortex$
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David Zald and Scott Rauch

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198565741

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.001.0001

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Architectonic structure of the orbital and medial prefrontal cortex

Architectonic structure of the orbital and medial prefrontal cortex

(p.3) Chapter 1 Architectonic structure of the orbital and medial prefrontal cortex
The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Joseph L. Price

Oxford University Press

The chapter describes the structural organization of the orbital cortex (OFC), together with the medial prefrontal cortex. It reviews previous areal maps of this cortex, and provides a description of architectonic divisions of the cortex based on analysis of eight staining methods in nonhuman primates and humans. Twenty-two areas were recognized, most of which are subdivisions of previously described areas. Distinct subregions were found ranging from several agranular insular areas in the posterior orbital region, through a dysgranular zone in the central region (subdivisions of area 12 and 13), to a granular region in more rostral portions of cortex (subdivisions of areas 10 and 11). The comparable regions in humans are presented with reference to stereotaxic space. An analysis of the comparable regions in rodents is also provided.

Keywords:   cytoarchitecture, neuroanatomy, primate, human, rodent, medial prefrontal cortex

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