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The New Handbook of Methods in Nonverbal Behavior
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Jinni Harrigan, Robert Rosenthal, and Klaus Scherer

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780198529620

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529620.001.0001

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Proxemics, Kinesics, and Gaze

Proxemics, Kinesics, and Gaze

(p.136) (p.137) Chapter 4 Proxemics, Kinesics, and Gaze
The New Handbook of Methods in Nonverbal Behavior Research

Jinni A. Harrigan

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the methodologies for coding behaviors in proxemics, kinesics (i.e. body and head movements), and gaze. The discussion in this chapter of methodological issues in body movement research is divided into two segments: body positions and body actions. The chapter gives some general conceptual issues and factors affecting coding decisions, and points to consider in choosing methodological strategy and behavioral units in coding movement. The chapter suggests that much has to be done in coding body movement, specifically kinesics. The chapter also suggests that research results accrued across various laboratories can be more easily compared when variable definitions and labels, coding techniques, and estimates of reliability are similar. For this, the chapter uses a laboratory manual that includes variable lists and definitions, methods for coding and training coders, and information on frequencies and durations and locating the behavior with respect to the speech stream or other movements.

Keywords:   behavior coding, body positions, body actions, proxemics, kinesics, gaze, variables

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