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Reprogramming the Cerebral CortexPlasticity following central and peripheral lesions$
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Stephen Lomber and Jos Eggermont

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198528999

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.001.0001

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Redistribution of cerebral functions following primary visual cortex damage during infancy

Redistribution of cerebral functions following primary visual cortex damage during infancy

Chapter:
(p.73) Chapter 4 Redistribution of cerebral functions following primary visual cortex damage during infancy
Source:
Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex
Author(s):

Stephen G. Lomber

Bertram R. Payne

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0004

The consequences of focal injury to the cerebral cortex in the immature brain differ from the consequences caused by similar damage of the mature cerebrum. In the immature brain, some distant neurons are more vulnerable to the injury, whereas others survive and expand their projections to bypass damaged or degenerated structures. The net result is the sparing of neural processing and behaviors. This chapter summarizes both the modifications in the visual pathways resulting from primary visual cortex damage sustained early in development, and the neural and behavioral processes that are spared or permanently impaired.

Keywords:   visual cortex, extrastriate cortex, neural processing, immature brain

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