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Reprogramming the Cerebral CortexPlasticity following central and peripheral lesions$
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Stephen Lomber and Jos Eggermont

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198528999

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.001.0001

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Cortical reprogramming

Cortical reprogramming

Significance for phantom phenomena and clinical implications

Chapter:
(p.333) Chapter 19 Cortical reprogramming
Source:
Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex
Author(s):

Herta Flor

Caroline Koeppe

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0019

The previous chapters showed the malleability of the adult cortex is and how it adapts to injury and environmental challenges. However, it is difficult to assess the functional significance of cortical plasticity in animals. In humans, psychophysical testing and the systematic evaluation of self-reported sensation can shed light on perceptual phenomena that are associated with large scale plastic cortical changes. This chapter examines the functional significance of plastic changes in somatosensory and motor cortex and presents an overview of the results of human studies that tested perceptual correlates. In addition to the description of the induced functional changes, the chapter also addresses the potential implications for rehabilitation.

Keywords:   plasticity, somatosensory cortex, motor cortex, cortical reorganization

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