Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is the most important analytical technique for structural analysis of molecules in solution. For a long time, NMR has been associated with chemistry. With the invention of NMR imaging, magnetic resonance has become a familiar name even to the non-scientific community, and more medical personnel and engineers are now working with NMR than chemists. NMR imaging of materials is much less known than medical NMR imaging, but the progress in methodical development along with the identification of significant applications, for example, to material flow and soft matter analysis, leads to increasing use of the method. This book provides a methodical background for the development of imaging methods and applications in materials science. This introductory chapter presents an overview of NMR and NMR imaging, NMR spectroscopy, NMR imaging in biomedicine, contrast in NMR imaging, NMR imaging in materials science and chemical engineering, and the NMR signal in thc presence of slow molecular motion.
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