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Animal Innovation$
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Simon M. Reader and Kevin N. Laland

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198526223

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526223.001.0001

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Characteristics and Propensities of Marmosets and Tamarins: Implications for Studies of Innovation

Characteristics and Propensities of Marmosets and Tamarins: Implications for Studies of Innovation

Chapter:
(p.197) Chapter 9 Characteristics and Propensities of Marmosets and Tamarins: Implications for Studies of Innovation
Source:
Animal Innovation
Author(s):

Hilary O. Box

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526223.003.0009

This chapter suggests that innovative behaviours result from interactions between ecological opportunities and a suite of characteristics and propensities that vary among individuals of different species within which the influences of age, sex, and social context are of critical interest. It discusses a number of specific issues within these contexts with reference to the marmosets and tamarins in terms of the morphological and visuospatial differences among genera and species that may affect responses to new ecological opportunities, such as those that involve manipulative tasks. It also reveals that among individuals, sex differences are discussed in a number of social and ecological contexts. Adult females may demonstrate a priority towards food and be more successful in new food tasks. This chapter also reveals that responses to new spatial and object challenges show different patterns of responsiveness among age and sex classes, and different hypotheses deserve attention. Subsequently, a brief discussion of practical applications of these interests as tools in conservation strategies is included.

Keywords:   behaviour, marmosets, tamarins, morphological difference, visuospatial difference, ecological difference, responsiveness

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