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Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter$
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Massimo Inguscio and Leonardo Fallani

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525844

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525844.001.0001

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Optical lattices and quantum simulation

Optical lattices and quantum simulation

(p.224) 7 Optical lattices and quantum simulation
Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

Massimo Inguscio

Leonardo Fallani

Oxford University Press

This chapter extends the investigation of ultracold atoms in optical lattices to the emerging field of ‘quantum simulation’, in which atoms are used to experimentally realize basic condensed-matter models to precisely investigate their properties and their quantum phase transitions in an ultimately clean setting, where decoherence or unwanted interactions with the environment can be avoided. The chapter discusses the superfluid/metal-to-insulator transition exhibited by strongly-interacting atoms realizing Hubbard models, as well as the Anderson localization determining the suppression of transport for atoms moving in a disordered potential. It concludes with an illustration of the most recent developments in the field, discussing novel experimental techniques and important frontiers in this research.

Keywords:   quantum simulation, optical lattices, Hubbard models, decoherence, ultracold atoms, Anderson localization, disordered potential, strongly-interacting atoms

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