Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Massimo Inguscio and Leonardo Fallani

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525844

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525844.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 16 June 2019

Alkali atoms and laser cooling

Alkali atoms and laser cooling

(p.31) 2 Alkali atoms and laser cooling
Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

Massimo Inguscio

Leonardo Fallani

Oxford University Press

This chapter starts with the spectrum of alkali atoms, which have a very similar electronic structure to hydrogen. It describes the hyperfine structure of alkali atoms in the context of the development of microwave atomic clocks that currently provide the definition of the SI second. The simple and accessible electronic transitions of alkali atoms were used for the first demonstration of laser cooling, the revolutionary approach to atomic physics developed in the '80s, which the chapter discusses with a review of its most important configurations (optical molasses, magneto-optical traps, sub-Doppler cooling). The application of laser cooling to the development of very precise atomic clocks and to the field of atom interferometry is also covered.

Keywords:   alkali atoms, atomic clocks, optical molasses, laser cooling, magneto-optical traps, atom interferometers

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .