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Coronary Heart Disease EpidemiologyFrom aetiology to public health$
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Michael Marmot and Paul Elliott

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525738

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.001.0001

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Seasonal variations in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and the role of temperature

Seasonal variations in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and the role of temperature

Chapter:
(p.495) Chapter 30 Seasonal variations in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and the role of temperature
Source:
Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology
Author(s):

M. B. Toledano

G. Shaddick

P. Elliott

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0031

This chapter examines the relationship between ambient temperature and mortality or disease occurrence in adults, in particular from cardiovascular diseases. Epidemiological investigation provides evidence for a relationship between ambient temperature and mortality, particularly from cardiovascular and respiratory causes. The association is consistent across different study designs and methodologies, countries worldwide, and varying time periods, despite the use of routine data and their inherent inaccuracies. Whilst both hot and cold temperatures are associated with increased deaths, the effects of hot temperatures appear to reflect mainly short-term mortality displacement, whilst cold temperatures appear to have prolonged effects on mortality.

Keywords:   ambient temperature, mortality, disease occurrence, cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease

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