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Coronary Heart Disease EpidemiologyFrom aetiology to public health$
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Michael Marmot and Paul Elliott

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525738

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.001.0001

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Alcohol and coronary heart disease

Alcohol and coronary heart disease

Chapter:
(p.251) Chapter 17 Alcohol and coronary heart disease
Source:
Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology
Author(s):

M. Bobak

M. Marmot

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0017

This chapter reviews the evidence on the consumption of alcohol and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and with compares it mortality in general. The chapter has four general sections. The first section studies of ‘average’ volume of drinking and CHD. It reviews the results of the studies, the potential biases in studies of alcohol, the biological mechanisms for the cardioprotective effects of alcohol, the possibility that the effect of alcohol is modified by background cardiovascular risk, and the public health implications of the results. The second section examines the role of drinking patterns, namely the effect of binge and heavy drinking on CHD. It then reviews the evidence linking different types of alcoholic beverages with CHD risk. Finally, the effects of alcohol on all-cause mortality are summarized.

Keywords:   alcohol consumption, risk factors, CHD, cardiovascular disease, mortality, drinking, cardiprotection

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