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The Physics of Lyotropic Liquid CrystalsPhase Transitions and Structural Properties$
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Antônio M. Figueiredo Neto and Silvio R. A. Salinas

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525509

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525509.001.0001

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Phase Diagrams Of Lyotropic Mixtures

Phase Diagrams Of Lyotropic Mixtures

(p.112) 3 Phase Diagrams Of Lyotropic Mixtures
The Physics of Lyotropic Liquid Crystals

Antônio M. Figueiredo Neto

Silvio R. A. Salinas

Oxford University Press

Phase diagrams of lyotropic mixtures, in terms of temperature and relative concentrations of the components, display a variety of stable structures and regions. This chapter begins with the use of thermodynamic stability criteria and the Gibbs phase rule to draw the schematic phase diagrams of liquid mixtures. Experimental phase diagrams of binary, ternary, and multi-component lyotropic mixtures, are then discussed in more detail. The chapter also includes a discussion of phenomenological calculations to account for some features of the phase diagrams of binary systems, as a mixture of sodium laurate and water.

Keywords:   phase diagrams, Gibbs phase rule, thermodynamic stability, binary mixtures, ternary mixtures, multi-component lyotropic mixtures

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