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The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music$
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Isabelle Peretz and Robert J. Zatorre

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525202

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.001.0001

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Cerebral Substrates of Musical Imagery

Cerebral Substrates of Musical Imagery

Chapter:
(p.217) Chapter 15 Cerebral Substrates of Musical Imagery
Source:
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music
Author(s):

Andrea R. Halpern

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0015

This chapter outlines a program of research that has tried to characterize auditory imagery for music using both behavioural and cognitive neuroscientific tools. It starts by describing some of behavioural studies of the mental analogues of musical tempo, pitch, and temporal extent. It then discusses four studies using three techniques that examine the correspondence of brain involvement in actually perceiving vs imagining familiar music. These involve one lesion study with epilepsy surgery patients, two positron emission tomography (PET) studies, and one study using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). The studies converge on the importance of the right temporal neocortex and other right-hemisphere structures in the processing of both perceived and imagined nonverbal music. Perceiving and imagining songs that have words also involve structures in the left hemisphere. The supplementary motor area (SMA) is activated during musical imagery; it may mediate rehearsal that involves motor programs, such as imagined humming. Future studies are suggested that would involve imagery of sounds that cannot be produced by the vocal tract to clarify the role of the SMA in auditory imagery.

Keywords:   musical imagery, behavioural studies, cognitive neuroscience, musical tempo, pitch, lesion, right temporal neocortex, supplementary motor area

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