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The Estuarine EcosystemEcology, Threats and Management$
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Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525080

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.001.0001

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Estuarine uses and users

Estuarine uses and users

(p.92) Chapter 6 Estuarine uses and users
The Estuarine Ecosystem

Donald S. McLusky

Michael Elliott

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the uses made of estuaries, and then examines the various responses of estuarine organisms to each usage. It looks at many forms of pollution separately, but also (because they rarely act in isolation), in combination, as well as other types of stress on the system resulting from Man's uses. The categories of change due to human activities in the estuarine ecosystem are: the presence of xenobiotics and toxins, physical additions, energy change, physical structures, the over-stimulation of biota, the input of non-indigenous organisms, and the production of a mutagenic response. The categories of pollutants are: trace metals, synthetic organic compounds, hydrocarbons, radioactivity, inert (physical) materials, nutrients, organic matter, energy, and, alien organisms.

Keywords:   estuarine pollution, sewage pollution, diffuse sources, organic enrichment, fisheries and aquaculture, industrial contamination, land claim, coastal defences, engineering works, power generation

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