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The Prefrontal CortexExecutive and Cognitive Functions$
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A. C. Roberts, T. W. Robbins, and L. Weiskrantz

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198524410

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524410.001.0001

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The prefrontal landscape: implications of functional architecture for understanding human mentation and the central executive

The prefrontal landscape: implications of functional architecture for understanding human mentation and the central executive

Chapter:
(p.87) 7 The prefrontal landscape: implications of functional architecture for understanding human mentation and the central executive
Source:
The Prefrontal Cortex
Author(s):

P. S. Goldman-rakic

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524410.003.0007

This chapter discusses prefrontal cortex anatomically and functionally, based on the idea that structure and function are inextricably related. It explains that the prefrontal cortex is a composite of functionally distinct or hierarchically arranged areas engaged respectively with the cardinal psychological processes of attention, affect, emotion, memory, and motor aspects of behaviour. It further elaborates that the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex as a whole has a generic function—‘on-line’ processing of information or working memory in the service of a wide range of cognitive functions; also this process is iteratively represented throughout several and possibly many subdivisions of the prefrontal neopallium, and that each autonomous subdivision integrates attentional, memorial, motor, and possibly affective dimensions of behaviour by virtue of network connectivity with relevant sensory, motor, and limbic areas of brain.

Keywords:   prefrontal cortex, cardinal, psychological processes, behaviour, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, cognitive, neopallium

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