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The Prefrontal CortexExecutive and Cognitive Functions$
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A. C. Roberts, T. W. Robbins, and L. Weiskrantz

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198524410

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524410.001.0001

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The domain of supervisory processes and the temporal organization of behaviour

The domain of supervisory processes and the temporal organization of behaviour

Chapter:
(p.22) 3 The domain of supervisory processes and the temporal organization of behaviour
Source:
The Prefrontal Cortex
Author(s):

Tim Shallice

Paul Burgess

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524410.003.0003

This chapter states that even if it is appropriate to view the supervisory system as a single system, it is not correct to view it as carrying out only a single type of process. Indeed the evidence points to the existence of a variety of processes carried out by different subsystems but operating together to have a globally integrated function. The processes carried out in human prefrontal cortex are relatively far from both stimulus input and response output. The chapter adopts the contention scheduling/supervisory system framework and addresses the question of how one should proceed in the fractionation of the supervisory system into its basic subcomponents. It elaborates the broad theoretical considerations and then discuss two types of empirical evidence — neuropsychological dissociations and localization by functional imaging.

Keywords:   supervisory system, prefrontal cortex, stimulus, response, contention scheduling, neuropsychological

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