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Comparative Neuropsychology$
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A. David Milner

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198524113

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.001.0001

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Memory systems in primates: episodic, semantic, and perceptual learning

Memory systems in primates: episodic, semantic, and perceptual learning

Chapter:
(p.109) 7 Memory systems in primates: episodic, semantic, and perceptual learning
Source:
Comparative Neuropsychology
Author(s):

Amanda Parker

David Gaffan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0007

Memory disorder is often produced as one component of a general loss of mental ability (‘dementia’), but in some patients amnesia is a discrete disorder, leaving intact many other cognitive abilities such as reasoning, perception, and intelligence. Neuropathological analysis of the brain damage responsible for producing discrete amnesia suggests that the critical lesion for producing this disorder is any bilateral interruption of a system of interconnected structures. Evidence for other clearly defined memory systems is less solid as yet, but experimental evidence for a dissociable semantic memory system, and for perceptual learning mechanisms that operate relatively separably from episodic and semantic memory, are discussed in this chapter.

Keywords:   memory systems, dementia, memory disorders, mental ability, learning mechanism, critical lesion

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