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Neuronal Control of LocomotionFrom Mollusc to Man$
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Grigori Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, and Sten Grillner

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198524052

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.001.0001

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Walking and running in humans

Walking and running in humans

Chapter:
(p.248) (p.249) 15 Walking and running in humans
Source:
Neuronal Control of Locomotion
Author(s):

G. N. Orlovsky

T. G. Deliagina

S. Grillner

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.003.0015

This chapter highlights the locomotion (walking and running) in humans. Several studies have also addressed the different modifications of the locomotor pattern that occur during training or in different visuo-locomotor tasks. In general, the locomotor activity in humans has been much more thoroughly studied than its neural control. Man is capable of locomotion with a very wide range of velocities, ranging from very slow speeds to extreme values of near 45 km/h towards the end of a 100 m race. The adaptation of the motor pattern to increasing speed is accomplished by increase in both frequency and amplitude of leg movement. In addition, man can change from one mode of progression, walking, to another mode, running. The basic features of walking and running are the same. The legs perform alternating stepping movements, and the step cycle of each leg consists of a stance and a swing phase.

Keywords:   locomotion, locomotor pattern, visuo-locomotor, stepping movements

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