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The Musical TemperamentPsychology and Personality of Musicians$
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Anthony E. Kemp

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198523628

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523628.001.0001

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(p.85) Five: Anxiety
The Musical Temperament


Oxford University Press

Two forms of anxiety are first discussed in this chapter: trait anxiety and state anxiety. The author contends that although a trait belongs more comfortably to the realm of personality than a transient state, the role of state anxiety should not be undermined because it can also prove to be an important feature of the musician's response to certain kinds of performing situations, and thus must be explored. This chapter examines Cattell's second-order factor of anxiety, which embraces a broad collection of factors that are principally trait-based. As illustrated here, musicians' anxiety appears to manifest during higher education and continues to be apparent in professional life. However, some evidence shows that it can also occur in younger, talented musicians attending special music schools. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and its insights into certain behaviour responses under conditions of stress, and the physiological view of anxiety proposed by Eysenck, are also presented.

Keywords:   anxiety, trait anxiety, state anxiety, Cattell, Myers-Briggs, music schools

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