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The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain$
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Malcolm Burrows

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198523444

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.001.0001

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Anatomy of the nervous system Anatomy of the nervous system

Anatomy of the nervous system Anatomy of the nervous system

Chapter:
(p.12) 2 Anatomy of the nervous system
Source:
The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain
Author(s):

Malcolm Burrows

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0002

The synapses that a neuron makes can be described in terms of their spatial distribution, likely transmitters, and contacts with other known neurons. The use of antibodies raised against particular chemical components of the neurons, most frequently putative neurotransmitters and neuromodulators, can reveal the structure of individual neurons, the distribution of certain groups of somata, and patterns of neuronal projections, so giving a chemical mapping of the nervous system. Antibodies can also be used to reveal the distribution of different types of ion channels in the nervous system and even within different parts of an individual neuron. This combination of anatomical, physiological, and chemical methods allows such good characterisation of the neurons that they can often be treated as identified individuals.

Keywords:   synapses, nervous system, neuromodulators, neurons, spatial distribution, putative neurotransmitters, neuronal projections

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