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The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain$
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Malcolm Burrows

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198523444

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.001.0001

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Escape movements Escape movements

Escape movements Escape movements

Chapter:
(p.449) 10 Escape movements
Source:
The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain
Author(s):

Malcolm Burrows

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0010

Giant interneurons in most animals have axons with large diameters so that their spikes can be conducted rapidly from one part of the nervous system to another. The largest neurons are therefore often involved in causing escape movements, either as motor neurons, as in squid, or as spinal interneurons, as in fish. In the locust, few neurons qualify to be called giants by virtue of their size. In crickets and cockroaches, however, a small group of neurons have large diameter axons in the abdominal connectives. These axons belong to interneurons with cell bodies in the terminal abdominal ganglion and may project to all ganglia in the body as far anterior as the brain.

Keywords:   interneurons, escape movements, nervous system, motor neurons, abdominal connectives, abdominal ganglion

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