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Cyril BurtFraud or Framed?$
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N. J. Mackintosh

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198523369

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523369.001.0001

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Intelligence and social mobility

Intelligence and social mobility

Chapter:
(p.70) Four Intelligence and social mobility
Source:
Cyril Burt
Author(s):

C. G. N. Mascie-Taylor

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523369.003.0004

Burt's 1961 paper was part of a wider debate on the causes of social class differences in intelligence. Burt held the view that a large part of the heterogeneity in intelligence between social classes was due to innate or inherited differences. In this respect he was at odds with some of the leading British sociologists (e.g. Floud and Halsey) who said that class differences in intelligence were the result of differences in environmental conditions. A large part of the introductory section of the paper covers points of agreement and disagreement between Burt and his critics. But the empirical findings presented by Burt in the remainder of the paper were claimed to provide decisive evidence in support of the genetical (polygenic) theory.

Keywords:   social class differences, social mobility, intelligence, British sociologists, social classes, genetical theory

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