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The Thinking ApeEvolutionary Origins of Intelligence$
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Richard Byrne

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198522652

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.001.0001

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What is intelligence and what is it for?

What is intelligence and what is it for?

(p.31) 3 What is intelligence and what is it for?
The Thinking Ape

Richard Byrne

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the need to describe and measure the intelligence of various animals in order to use the comparative method to reconstruct cognitive evolution in humans. Especially, information on the relative intelligence of strepsirhines, New and Old World monkeys, gibbons, orangutans, gorillas, and the two species of chimpanzees is needed to cover the succession of early ancestors of humans that must have existed. It sounds straightforward, put like that, but it is not.

Keywords:   animal intelligence, comparative method, cognitive evolution, New World monkeys, Old World monkeys, gibbons, orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees

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