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The Use of Tools by Human and Non-human Primates$
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A. Berthelet and J. Chavaillon

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198522638

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522638.001.0001

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Diversity of tool use and tool-making in wild chimpanzees

Diversity of tool use and tool-making in wild chimpanzees

Chapter:
(p.158) 9 Diversity of tool use and tool-making in wild chimpanzees
Source:
The Use of Tools by Human and Non-human Primates
Author(s):

Christophe Boesch

Hedwige Boesch

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522638.003.0009

Genetic aspects are important for explaining why primates use tools more frequently and for more tasks than any other zoological order. However, the importance of non-genetic factors is best revealed by a comparison of tool use within the same species. The chimpanzee is the best candidate for such an approach. Data from three long-term studies on wild populations in East and West Africa facilitate the analysis for the first time the impact of the environment on tool use and tool-making. This chapter compares tool use and tool-making in three wild chimpanzee populations: Tai National Park, Mahale Mountains National Park, and the Gombe Stream National Park.

Keywords:   tool use, tool manufacture, wild chimpanzees, West Africa, Tai National Park, Mahale Mountains National Park

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