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Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion$
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Rolf Hempelmann

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198517436

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.001.0001

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Diffusion in solids

Diffusion in solids

Chapter:
(p.54) 4 Diffusion in solids
Source:
Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion
Author(s):

Rolf Hempelmann

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0004

This chapter starts with a brief history of the science of diffusion. Macroscopically diffusion is characterized by various diffusion coefficients: the self-diffusion coefficient, the tracer diffusion coefficient, the chemical or Fickian diffusion coefficient, and the conductivity diffusion coefficient. Microscopically the gas, liquid-like, and solid state diffusion mechanisms are considered. Solid state diffusion is characterized by the parameters jump rate, jump vector, and coordination number. The stochastic aspects of solid state (jump) diffusion are introduced. Statistical methods (Markov and non-Markov processes) are applied to study the outcome of a sequence of jumps, i.e., the spatial/temporal development of the diffusive process. The nature of the mechanism of a single diffusive event is considered. Topics such as classical jump, phonon-assisted tunnelling, electron-restricted tunnelling, and incoherent tunnelling types, also called hopping, are introduced.

Keywords:   self-diffusion, tracer diffusion, Fickian diffusion, jump rate, jump vector, correlation number, Markov processes, non-Markov processes, hopping

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