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The Chimpanzees of the Budongo ForestEcology, Behaviour and Conservation$
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Vernon Reynolds

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198515463

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515463.001.0001

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Morbidity and mortality

Morbidity and mortality

(p.38) 3. Morbidity and mortality
The Chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest

Vernon Reynolds

Oxford University Press

Studies of intestinal parasites show that the Budongo chimpanzees live with numerous gut nematodes which they tolerate well. Self-medication is achieved by swallowing the leaves of Aneilema aequinoctiale, which are encountered along trails in the forest. These leaves have hooked trichomes, which physically remove worms from the gut wall. In addition, chimpanzees eat termite soil for medicinal purposes. Deaths are described together with a necropsy report (in Appendix D). The danger of transmission of human diseases to chimpanzees is constant.

Keywords:   morbidity, mortality, parasites, nematodes, self-medication, soil-eating, disease, death, necropsy

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