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The Weak Hydrogen BondIn Structural Chemistry and Biology$
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Gautam Desiraju and Thomas Steiner

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780198509707

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509707.001.0001

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The weak hydrogen bond in biological structures

The weak hydrogen bond in biological structures

Chapter:
(p.343) 5 The weak hydrogen bond in biological structures
Source:
The Weak Hydrogen Bond
Author(s):

GAUTAM R. DESIRAJU

THOMAS STEINER

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509707.003.0005

The structure and function of biological molecules is to a large degree determined by hydrogen bonding. This is the case for proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, membranes and also the aqueous medium in which these components are held. The three-dimensional architecture of proteins and nucleic acids is stabilised by hydrogen bonds, biological recognition operates mainly by this mechanism, and the molecular mobility required for biological processes is directly connected with rapid formation and breaking of hydrogen bonds. This chapter discusses the weak hydrogen bond in biological structures, the crystal structures of biological molecules, problems associated with determining the crystallographic resolution problem, and weak hydrogen bonding in peptides and proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and water molecules.

Keywords:   biological molecules, crystal structures, crystallographic resolution, proteins, peptides, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, water molecules

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