Reliable transmission of information through noisy channels plays a vital role in modern society. Some aspects of this problem have close formal similarities to the theory of spin glasses. Noise in the transmission channel can be related to random interactions in spin glasses and the bit sequence representing information corresponds to the Ising spin configuration. The replica method serves as a powerful tool of analysis, and TAP-like equations can be used as a practical implementation of the algorithm to infer the original message. The gauge theory also provides an interesting point of view. This chapter introduces these problems.
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