Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Quantum Optics$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

John Garrison and Raymond Chiao

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780198508861

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 24 May 2019

The master equation

The master equation

Chapter:
(p.538) 18 The master equation
Source:
Quantum Optics
Author(s):

J. C. Garrison

R. Y. Chiao

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0019

This chapter examines the evolution of an open system — the sample — with the quantum Liouville equation for the world density operator. The fundamental approximation is that the action of the sample on the environment is negligible compared to the action of the environment on the sample. This leads to the master equation for the (reduced) sample density operator. Photons in a cavity and a two-level atom are presented as examples. The P-function representation of the sample density operator yields the Fokker-Planck equation. This is used to show the robustness of coherent states, and to describe a driven mode in a lossy cavity. The discussion next turns to quantum jumps and their experimental observation. Quantum jumps are related to the master equations by means of the Monte Carlo wavefunction algorithm, quantum trajectories, and quantum state diffusion.

Keywords:   quantum Liouville equation, world density operator, sample density operator, master equation, Fokker-Planck equation, Monte Carlo wavefunction, quantum trajectory, quantum state diffusion

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .