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Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research$
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Alan Baddeley, John Aggleton, and Martin Conway

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780198508809

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508809.001.0001

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The concept of episodic memory

The concept of episodic memory

(p.1) 1 The concept of episodic memory
Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research

Alan Baddeley

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the concept of episodic memory. Over the last half century, the experimental study of human memory has departed from the earlier concept of a unitary faculty, with the increase in knowledge leading to differentiation between subsystems of memory, often based on the study of neuropsychological patients. Although foreshadowed by the classic work of William James (1890), the current approach to the fractionation of memory probably began with Hebb's (1949) proposal of a distinction between short-term memory (STM), based on temporary electrical activity within the brain, and long-term memory (LTM), based on the development of more permanent neurochemical changes. He even proposed a learning mechanism, a concept that continues to be influential in neurobiological theorizing.

Keywords:   episodic memory, neuropsychological patients, short-term memory, long-term memory, neurochemical changes, learning mechanism

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