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Marine Ecosystems and Climate VariationThe North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective$
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Nils Chr. Stenseth, Geir Ottersen, James W. Hurrell, and Andrea Belgrano

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198507499

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.001.0001

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Marine Birds and Climate Fluctuation in the North Atlantic

Marine Birds and Climate Fluctuation in the North Atlantic

(p.95) CHAPTER 7 Marine Birds and Climate Fluctuation in the North Atlantic
Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation

Joël M. Durant

Nils Chr. Stenseth

Tycho Anker-Nilssen

Michael P. Harris

Paul M. Thompson

Sarah Wanless

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows how climate might influence seabirds directly through variations in temperature and wind. It also provides an overview of the potential indirect impact of climate variability on North Atlantic seabird populations. Seabirds are sensible to climate change either positively as shown by the extension of the fulmar population, or negatively as shown by the Atlantic puffins. Thanks to their position as top predators, their response to climate change is a good index of its effect on the whole food web.

Keywords:   seabirds, climate change, climate variation, reproduction, mortality, energetics

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