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Marine Ecosystems and Climate VariationThe North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective$
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Nils Chr. Stenseth, Geir Ottersen, James W. Hurrell, and Andrea Belgrano

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198507499

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.001.0001

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Time Lags in Terrestrial and Marine Environments

Time Lags in Terrestrial and Marine Environments

(p.165) CHAPTER 15 Time Lags in Terrestrial and Marine Environments
Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation

Eric Post

Oxford University Press

Temporal lags in the response of populations to climatic variation associated with the NAO are widespread in both terrestrial and marine environments. The existence of both immediate and lagged responses to climate presents conceptual and analytical challenges to the study of the ecological consequences of large-scale climatic variability, as well as to the ability to forecast population responses to future climatic change. This chapter discusses the influence of atmospheric processes, life history, and trophic interactions on time lags. It argues that the existence of time lags in a multitude of systems can be exploited to one obvious advantage: prediction. Hence, an empirically-derived basis for improving conceptual and analytical understanding of lagged responses to climate should prove valuable in the pursuit of scientifically robust predictions of population and community response to future climate changes.

Keywords:   temporal lags, atmospheric processes, life history, trophic interactions, population response, climate change, climate variability

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