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Ecological Methods in Forest Pest Management$
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David Wainhouse

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198505648

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505648.001.0001

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Microbial control

Microbial control

(p.127) Chapter 7 Microbial control
Ecological Methods in Forest Pest Management

David Wainhouse

Oxford University Press

The practical application of disease-causing micro-organisms for the control of forest pest outbreaks is dominated by their inundative release as microbial insecticides. The characteristics of the different kinds of micro-organism such as their sensitivity to environmental conditions, host ranges and persistence in the environment, influence the way in which they are used. This chapter discusses these aspects in relation to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), baculoviruses, nematodes, and fungi. Examples of experimental and operational use are given, followed by a discussion of possible non-target effects in the environment. The registration and commercial availability of microbial organisms influences their practical use, and this is briefly discussed.

Keywords:   Bacillus thuringiensis, baculoviruses, nematodes, fungi, non-target effects

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