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War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2$
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E. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, and Raimo Väyrynen

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297406

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.001.0001

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Burundi: The Long Sombre Shadow of Ethnic Instability

Burundi: The Long Sombre Shadow of Ethnic Instability

Chapter:
(p.119) 5 Burundi: The Long Sombre Shadow of Ethnic Instability
Source:
War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2
Author(s):

PATRICK D. GAFFNEY

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0005

Burundi's crisis started back on October 21, 1993, by reason of a failed coup d'etat – an attack made by the military officers on the newly elected officials of the government. Due to this violence in the capital, news regarding the coup reached the different parts of the country, which resulted in nation-wide interethnic killing. Since then, Burundi has been held in a unceasing humanitarian emergency that made the small nation an armed camp; however, a divided, internationally devastated and an ungovernable one. The military leadership caused institutionalized bias, together with ethnic and regional lines, and later on developing widespread discrimination selective development, as well as genocidal slaughter both on local and national levels. While different agencies have offered assistance to resolve the conflict over the past years, they have failed due to the labels of Tutsi and Hutu: ethnic groups behind the hostility.

Keywords:   Burundi, coup d'etat, interethnic killing, humanitarian emergency, genocide, slaughter, Tutsi, Hutu

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