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War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2$
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E. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, and Raimo Väyrynen

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297406

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.001.0001

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Afghanistan: The Last Cold-War Conflict, the First Post-Cold-War Conflict

Afghanistan: The Last Cold-War Conflict, the First Post-Cold-War Conflict

Chapter:
(p.23) 2 Afghanistan: The Last Cold-War Conflict, the First Post-Cold-War Conflict
Source:
War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2
Author(s):

BARNETT R. RUBIN

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0002

Afghanistan is one of the lowest-ranking countries in the United Nations index of human development outside Africa, being 170 out of 174. This is a result of continuous warfare for at least 20 years. The warfare did not only cause the physical destruction of Afghanistan, but also crippled the social, economic, and political aspects of the country. However, prior to 1978, before war broke out in the Afghan community, the main economic activities of the country were agriculture and pastoralism. It also received aids from different countries such as the US and the USSR, until political conflicts occurred during the 1970s. Afghanistan is going through post-Cold War conflict syndrome, as it is easily affected by its territory and population as well as the international state system. This unending war resulted in the destruction of agricultural assets, and later on the collapse of the state and its security.

Keywords:   Afghanistan, United Nations, warfare, agriculture, conflict, pastoralism, humanitarian emergencies, state system

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