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Evolutionary InnovationsThe Business of Biotechnology$
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Maureen McKelvey

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297246

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.001.0001

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Specific Firm Challenges, 1979–83

Specific Firm Challenges, 1979–83

(p.171) 7 Specific Firm Challenges, 1979–83
Evolutionary Innovations

Maureen D. McKelvey

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the technical and economic challenges and opportunities which firms acted upon to integrate genetic engineering techniques into functioning production systems. These challenges differ from those involving genetic engineering per se which were encountered in the two preceding chapters. This chapter analyses the firms' knowledge-seeking activities in the context of interactions with external agents and environmental conditions and focuses more specifically on the integration of genetic engineering into production systems in firms. These systems involved many other component technologies, such as fermentation, purification, and analytical methods. In the historical material recounted in this chapter, much of the discussion focuses on firms' knowledge-seeking activities to develop new knowledge and techniques for designing and testing functioning production systems. Designing such systems involved challenges and bottlenecks, requiring that corporate managers decide which specific types of knowledge-seeking activities to focus on at specific times.

Keywords:   economic challenges, genetic engineering techniques, external agents, environmental conditions

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