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Environmental Regulations and Corporate StrategyA NAFTA Perspective$
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Alan Rugman, Julie Soloway, and John Kirton

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198295884

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295884.001.0001

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Environmental Institutions in Action: The CEC

Environmental Institutions in Action: The CEC

Chapter:
(p.91) 6 Environmental Institutions in Action: The CEC
Source:
Environmental Regulations and Corporate Strategy
Author(s):

Alan Rugman

John Kirton

Julie Soloway

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295884.003.0006

A separate environmental agreement, referred to as the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), along with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC), was significantly connected with and accompanied the NAFTA trade–environment regime. The approach that this agreement utilized in establishing an international trade–environment regime served as the model for future multilateral and regional trade-liberalization agreements. The CEC was granted with permissive and mandatory powers for enforcing environmental surveillance, trade–environment integration, and environmental cooperation. This led to the development of an institutional structure comprised of a Council, a regional Secretariat, a Joint Public Advisory Committee (JPAC), and other stakeholders such as environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs). The CEC had been able to facilitate trade, impose restrictions on national and subnational regulatory protectionism, and even advocate regulatory convergence. However, the CEC did not bring about significant effects on promoting the equality and integration of trade and environment communities.

Keywords:   NAAEC, CEC, institutional structure, environmental surveillance, trade–environment integration, environmental cooperation

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