According to some industrial relations accounts like corporatist theory, the ability of unions and employer associations to employ incomes policy depends on their degree of centralization. Despite this, the application of centralization and the collection of comparable data have been given little attention. When looking into associational centralization, the relationship between associations and their members has to be considered. With the occurrence of problems such as the complex multi-level hierarchy and the discrepancy between the formal distribution of powers and the actual relations, centralization, in this chapter, is measured by looking at the following indicators: the formal powers/obligations of the largest structural peak with regard to its affiliates, the formal powers/obligations of the said affiliates to lower associational levels, the formal associational control over the lowest level, and the actual role of the largest peak in bargaining and negotiation.
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