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The Volume and Dynamics of International Migration and Transnational Social Spaces$
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Thomas Faist

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198293910

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293910.001.0001

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The Adaptive Functions of Social Capital: Transnationalization and Nation-State Membership

The Adaptive Functions of Social Capital: Transnationalization and Nation-State Membership

Chapter:
(p.242) 8 The Adaptive Functions of Social Capital: Transnationalization and Nation-State Membership
Source:
The Volume and Dynamics of International Migration and Transnational Social Spaces
Author(s):

Thomas Faist

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293910.003.0008

The empirical evidence that have been encountered suggests that transnational ties do indeed coexist with continuing immigrant adaptation. Initially, this had led the readers to the second puzzle guiding this study: How can one explain that the formation of transnational social spaces and unfolding immigration adaptation proceed simultaneously? Findings, crystallising in this puzzle, flatly contradict known theories of immigrant adaptation. The objection regarding concomitant transnationalisation and immigrant adaptation is: the more transnational or multifocal ties immigrants entertain, the greater their ambivalence towards the immigration policy, the weaker the roots in the nation-state of settlement, the stronger the incentives to form a transnational community, the bolder the claim to a diaspora, the greater the tendency on the part of natives to question the allegiance of the newcomers, and, finally, the weaker the inclination of immigrants to adapt in the country of destination.

Keywords:   transnational ties, multifocal ties, transnationalisation, adaptation, social spaces, immigrants, diaspora, immigration policy, allegiance

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