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The Volume and Dynamics of International Migration and Transnational Social Spaces$
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Thomas Faist

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198293910

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293910.001.0001

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The Selective and Diffusion Functions of Social Capital: Why So Many Migrants Out of So Few Places?

The Selective and Diffusion Functions of Social Capital: Why So Many Migrants Out of So Few Places?

Chapter:
(p.143) The Selective and Diffusion Functions of Social Capital: Why So Many Migrants Out of So Few Places?
Source:
The Volume and Dynamics of International Migration and Transnational Social Spaces
Author(s):

Thomas Faist

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293910.003.0006

Despite a high migration potential in most developing countries which send many migrants abroad, there is a high place selectivity. Typically, in the few places out of which many emigrate abroad, migration as a behavioural pattern rapidly diffuses. Understandably, propitious conditions such as labour recruitment will raise desires among potential migrants. Relative frustration ensues. Yet changing preferences concerning exit, voice, and in situ adaptation do not automatically translate into growing levels of migration. In contrast to changing macrostructural opportunities and increasing desires, access to information, control, and other people's resources do not immediately improve to the same extent. Thus, there then becomes a lag between rising opportunities and expectations, on the one hand, and actual migration, on the other hand.

Keywords:   migration potential, macrostructural opportunities, developing countries, high place selectivity, behavioural pattern, opportunities, desires, risk, actual migration

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